Hipodermóclise na administração de fluidos e medicamentos em crianças

Fabiana Tomé Ramos, Rúbia Aguiar Alencar

Resumo

Identificar as evidências na literatura sobre o uso da hipodermóclise na administração de fluidos e medicamentos em crianças. Revisão integrativa da literatura, realizado em setembro de 2020, sem limite de tempo, nas bases Lilacs, Scielo, PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science, Embase e Scopus, publicadas em inglês, português e espanhol. Procedeu-se com análise descritiva dos resultados. Foram identificados 11 estudos, mostrando resultados positivos referente a administração de fluidos para reidratação em crianças. A produção científica nacional e internacional sobre o uso de medicações pela hipodermóclise em crianças é escassa, 10 medicamentos tiveram fortes evidencias para o uso subcutâneo. A hipodermóclise pode ser uma alternativa eficaz, diante dos seus benefícios e facilidades no seu manuseio, evitando maior sofrimento da criança.  Há necessidade de realizar o desenvolvimento de pesquisas com metodologias capazes de produzir evidências relacionadas a temática e fornecer subsídios para adesão a essa prática e seu uso.

Descritores: Infusões Subcutâneas, Hipodermóclise, Criança, Cuidados Paliativos.

 

Hypodermoclysis in the administration of fluids and medications to children

Abstract: To identify the evidence in the literature on the use of hypodermoclysis in the administration of fluids and drugs in children. Integrative literature review, carried out in 2020 September out on the basis of Lilacs, Scielo, PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science, Embase and Scopus, published in English, Portuguese and Spanish, without publication deadline. Eleven studies were identified, showing positive results regarding the administration of fluids for rehydration in children. National and international scientific production on the use of medications by hypodermoclysis in children is scarce, 10 drugs had strong evidence for subcutaneous use. Hypodermoclysis can be an efficient alternative, because of its benefits and facilities in its handling. As a result, it can prevent additional suffering to the children. There is a need to carry out research with methodologies capable of producing evidence related to the theme and providing subsidies for adherence to this practice and its use.

Descriptors: Subcutaneous Infusions, Hypodermoclysis, Child, Palliative Care.

 

Hipodermoclisis en la administración de fuidos y medicamentos en los niños

Resumen: Identificar la evidencia en la literatura sobre el uso de hipodermoclisis en la administración de fluidos y drogas en los niños. Revisión integral de la literatura, realizada en septiembre de 2020 sin límite de tiempo sobre la base de Lilacs, Scielo, PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science, Embase y Scopus, publicados en inglés, portugués y español. Se identificaron once estudios que arrojaron resultados positivos en cuanto a la administración de fluidos para la rehidratación en los niños. La producción científica nacional e internacional sobre el uso de medicamentos por hipodermoclisis en niños es escasa, 10 medicamentos tuvieron fuerte evidencia para uso subcutáneo. La hipodermoclisis puede ser una alternativa efectiva eficaz, delante de sus beneficios y facilidades en su manejo, evitando un mayor sufrimiento del niño. Existe la necesidad de realizar investigaciones con metodologías capaces de producir evidencia relacionada con el tema y proporcionar subsidios para el cumplimiento de esta práctica y su uso.

Descriptores: Infusiones Subcutáneas, Hipodermoclisis, Niño, Cuidados Paliativos.

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Referências

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